If you’d like me to send you PDFs of any of the below, please just email me. See also my GoogleScholar profile here.


24. Horsburgh, K.A., Gosling, A.L., Cochrane, E.E., Kirch, P.V., Swift, J.A., McCoy, M.D. (2022) Origins of Polynesian pigs revealed by mitochondrial whole genome ancient DNA. Animals 12, 2469.


23. Horsburgh, K.A., D.B. Beckett, and Gosling. A.L. (2022) Maternal relationships among ancient and modern southern African sheep: Newly discovered mitochondrial haplogroups. Biology 11, 428.


22. Gosling, A.L., ….Horsburgh, K.A., the Genographic Consortium et al. (2021) A population history of Tokelau – genetic variation and change in atoll populations. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 2021/3/19: 1-18.


21. Horsburgh, K.A., and Gosling, A.L. (2020) Systematic ancient DNA species identification fails to find late Holocene domesticated cattle in Southern Africa. Biology 9, 316.


20. Horsburgh, K.A. (2020) Genetics and domestic fauna in Southern Africa. Oxford Research Encyclopedia


19. Stephens, L., Fuller, D…Horsburgh, K.A., et al. Project 2019. Archaeological assessment reveals earth’s early transformation through land use. Science 365, 897-902.


18. Horsburgh, K.A., J.V. Moreno-Mayar, R.G. Klein 2017. Counting and miscounting sheep: Genetic evidence for pervasive misclassification of wild fauna as domestic stock. Southern African Humanities 30: 53-69.


17. Horsburgh, K.A., McCoy, M.D. 2017. Dispersal, Isolation, and Interaction in the Islands of Polynesia: A Critical Review of Archaeological and Genetic Evidence. Diversity 9, 37. doi:10.3390/d9030037


16. Horsburgh, K.A., J. Orton, R.G. Klein. 2016. Beware the springbok in sheep’s clothing: How secure are the faunal identifications upon which we build our models? African Archaeological Review 33(4): 353-361.


15. Rawlence, N.J., C.J. Collins, C.N.K. Anderson, J. Maxwell, I.W.G. Smith, B.C. Robertson, M. Knapp, K.A. Horsburgh, J.-A.L Stanton, R.P. Scofield, A.J.D. Tennyson, E.A. Matisoo-Smith, J.M. Waters. 2016. Human-mediated extirpation of the unique Chatham Islands sea lion and implications for the conservation management of remaining sea lion populations. Molecular Ecology 25: 3950-61.


14. Horsburgh, K.A., J.V. Moreno-Mayar, A.L. Gosling. 2016. Revisiting the Kalahari debate in the highlands: ancient DNA provides new faunal identifications at Sehonghong, Lesotho. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 51:295-306.


13. Horsburgh, K.A.,V. Moreno-Mayar 2015. Molecular identification of sheep at Blydefontein Rock Shelter, South Africa. Southern African Humanities 27: 65-80.


12. Greig, K., J. Boocock, S. Prost, K.A. Horsburgh, C. Jacomb, R. Walter, E. Matisoo-Smith. 2015. Complete mitochondrial genomes of New Zealand’s first dogs. PlosONE 10(10)e:0138536.


11. Horsburgh, K.A. 2015. Molecular Anthropology: The Judicial Use of Genetic Data in Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 56, 141-145.


10. Horsburgh, K.A., S. Prost, A. Gosling, J. Stanton, C. Rand, E. Matisoo-Smith. 2013. The Origins of the Nguni Breed of African Cattle (Bos spp.): Complete mitochondrial genomes of haplogroup T1. Public Library of Science ONE (PLoS ONE) 8(8), e71956.


9. Orton, J., Mitchell, P., Klein, R., Steele, T., Horsburgh, K.A 2013. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding in southern Africa. Antiquity 87, 108-120.


8. Knapp, M., K.A. Horsburgh, S. Prost, J. Stanton, H.R. Buckley, R.K. Walter, E.A. Matisoo-Smith. 2012. Complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequences from the first New Zealanders. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(45), 18350-18254.


7. Knapp, M., Clarke, A.C., Horsburgh, K.A., Matisoo-Smith, E.A. 2012. Setting the stage – Building and working in an ancient DNA laboratory. Annals of Anatomy 194, 3-6.


6. Horsburgh, K.A., Rhines, A. 2010. Genetic characterization of an archaeological sheep assemblage from South Africa’s Western Cape. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2906-2910.


5. Horsburgh, K.A. 2008. Wild or domesticated? An ancient DNA approach to canid species identification in South Africa’s Western Cape. Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1474-1480.


4. Horsburgh, K.A., E. Matisoo-Smith, M.E. Glenn, K.J. Bensen. 2003. A genetic study of a translocated guenon: Cercopithecus mona on Grenada. In: Glenn, M.E. and M. Cords, eds. The Guenons: Diversity and Adaptation in African Monkeys. Kluwer Academic Publishers.


3. Kaestle, F.A., K.A. Horsburgh 2002. Ancient DNA in Anthropology: Methods, applications and ethics. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 4, 92-130.


2. Matisoo-Smith, E.A., K.A. Horsburgh, J.H. Robins, A.J. Anderson. 2001. Genetic variation in archaeological Rattus exulans remains from Emily Bay, Norfolk Island. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 27, 81-84.


1. Allen, M.S., E.A. Matisoo-Smith, K.A. Horsburgh. 2001. Pacific “Babes”: Issues in the origins and dispersal of Pacific pigs and the potential of mitochondrial DNA analysis. International Journal of Archaeozoology 11, 4-13.



Matisoo-Smith, E., and K.A. Horsburgh. 2012. DNA for Archaeologists. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California.

Summary: The ability to use DNA evidence is revolutionizing our understanding of the past. This book introduces archaeologists to the basics of DNA research so they can understand the powers and pitfalls of using DNA data in archaeological analysis and interpretation. By concentrating on the principles and applications of DNA specific to archaeology, the authors allow archaeologists to collect DNA samples properly and interpret the laboratory results with greater confidence. The volume is replete with case examples of DNA work in a variety of archaeological contexts and is an ideal teaching tool for archaeologists and their students.

Non-Reviewed Publication

Horsburgh, K.A. 2017 A Reply to Plug 2017: science requires self-correction. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 1-5.