The church in this photo is in Bombay and has a different tone than that of the Mexican Cathedral photo. The tone in this is less dominating because the size of the church is smaller and there is no crowd that is being obscured by the colossal size. What is seen in this photo is one white man seemingly commanding three Indian men with yolks. A horse and buggy can also be seen right in front of the church. There are hardly any other people in the photograph, which leads one to believe the church is the focus. One can deduce from this photo that this is an agricultural area or just outside a city and has a white presence. Because the photograph is being taken of the church one can deduce that the photographer’s main focus was to capture the beauty of the design, but the fact that the white man commanding the three Indians is directly in front seems more purposeful than accidental, especially because they are standing still. The questions this photo leaves me with are: is the photo staged to send a political message about the presence of Christian whites in India? Is this a white neighborhood, the lack of people around it matches the low populations of whites in India at the time? If it is were they using Indians as slaves? Or could this be a statement on the failure of Christianity in regards to converting the native population?
“Carrying Madero’s coffin from the prison, Mexico City”
The photo commemorates the death of former President Madero. There is an obvious amount of reverence being given to Madero as crowds of people have lined up to see his funeral procession out of the prison. It appears from the photograph that there were several guards charged with keeping the coffin’s path clear and also guards in charge of escorting the coffin, this then leads us to believe that Madero’s body needed protection from those that sought to desecrate it. Along with the escort guards are several well-dressed gentlemen that appear to hold some kind of power themselves. This then begs the question, “who was Madero to command this respect?” and then from investigation it is found that Madero was a fighter for democracy and Mexican independence that was instrumental in removing President Diaz from his extended stay in office. From this even of dethronement, Madero grew in favor among the citizens that sought equality in rights, and it is clear that these people did not forget the actions taken by their former leader and revolutionary.
There is a lot of movement and action going on in this photograph, just like what is expected in any market place. This market seems to be comprised of little stalls under a large covered area. The stand that the photograph captures completely is one being managed by a mestizo woman selling vegetables and grains it seems. All of the blurs around the stall point to the fact that people must have been moving during the taking of this picture, reminding us of the camera quality and duration it must have taken to capture a proper photograph. This picture is also indicative of several groups in Mexican society. In the middle is a group of white males, sporting black suits and the popular facial hair of the time, along with the only white woman in the picture also dressed in formal American attire. Perhaps they are there on business or touring Mexico. The other people are comprised of Mexicans mestizos; wearing sombreros, white linen shirts, and some with ponchos, while the women are wearing shawl like cover ups. Another interesting feature of the picture is the fountain on the right. It has water flowing out of it which perhaps shows there is running water in the area, meaning the market must be in an urban, developed town. Finally, a somewhat comical feature of the unconnected group of people in the picture is that they all are looking at the camera and seem excited to getting in a picture. The white men in the back have their arms up, the women at the stall are turned and posing, and the men on the right are also looking, as if the photographer got everyone’s attention before taking it. Why did the photographer prefer to take a picture with everyone looking rather than an action shot of everyone going on with his or her business? Are the white men American, and if so, how do they get treated?
In this picture the main focus is clearly the cathedral at Guadalupe, but what can also be seen is a large crowd of people in front of the building. It is hard to determine if this crowd is entering or exiting the church, but upon closer inspection it appears to be a marketplace with multiple vendors out front. A surprising object in the photo was the telegraph wire running along the street. This is a clear indicator of the development of critical infrastructure within Mexico at the time. The architecture is astounding and looks like truly gifted craftsmen created it. But this also jumps out as a very European building, especially when it is considered that this is in Mexico in a crowd of Mexicans. It almost seems like a reminder that these people are being forced into a European culture. My deductions are that the photographer was intending to photograph the church and unintentionally made a statement on colonialism. The questions I am left with are do the people shown in this photo feel subjugated by the strong catholic presence or have they learned to co-exist with it and was the church dominating the photograph done intentionally to make a statement?
The 1890Bengal-Nagpur Railway Construction, Photograph No. 14 picture by Townshend Phot. shows a group of Indians digging through a hill in order to make room for the railroad. The photo clearly shows the harsh and unsafe work conditions that the natives were subjected to. The rock that they are digging through appears dense, and thus not easy to break through. Furthermore, the attire and equipment they are working with is less than accommodating to the work environment. None of them have shoes, they are dressed in rags, the tools appear to be low-grade pickaxes, and they are carrying the rock out in baskets that they balance on their heads. The poor conditions and equipment, coupled with the fact that there are no Anglos present, shines a light on their position in the social hierarchy of the time. It portrays a work environment where the local labor is viewed as disposable. However, other photos depict Anglos taking part in the construction, so it brings up the question of to what extent was Anglo labor used. Further research is necessary to answer that question, and to shed light on the work conditions for the Anglos and whether they were provided more efficient equipment.
The 1915Bridge at Tandy’s Station, Burned by Mexican Bandits postcard photo depicts the wreckage of what used to be a railroad bridge. This photo gives a glimpse into the social and political turmoil of the time. The fact that bandits committed this act presents the disorganized environment of this time. Because bandits were a noteworthy force means that a key player in this war was a grassroots force that would target the infrastructure of the state. In order for common people to find it necessary to take up arms and commit acts like this shows the extent in which the controlling power was disliked. Them targeting a railroad bridge also shows how pivotal the railroad system was for the infrastructure at the time. Furthermore, this photo was taken in Cameron County, Texas, which shows that the war crossed over into the United States. More research is needed to figure out to what extent the bandits influenced the war, and also to answer how much of the struggle took place in the United States.
“Mujeres listas para reciva a Rabago” is a picture of the American border troops and the Mexican Revolution. It was taking around May 1911 but it does not have a formal author/creator/photographer. It is a postcard that was never sent. It includes around 11 women, 10 men, and 2 children. Yet, the central figures are the women. The women are wearing bullets strapped around their chests, sombreros, and have a gun with them. Some of the men are also wearing the bullets strapped around their bodies or as a belt. Similarly, the children have bullets across their chests and even one of them is carrying a gun. They all seemed to be posing around a statue along its steps. The top part of the statue is cut off so I do not know whom the statue is from. From the name of the postcard, I can deduce they are waiting to receive someone. Due to their clothing, I can be deduced the women took part and played a role in the Mexican Revolution in some way. I wonder if they are the wives, or mothers of some of the men and children in the picture. I also wonder what their role was in the revolution and what part of Mexico they are from. I know they were a few instances were women fought in the Mexican Revolution but it was not very common. Additionally, I also wonder who General Rabago was. Due to his name on the postcard, it can be deduced he played an important role. Lastly, I wonder who the postcard was for and why was it being sent.
“Mehman Women” is part of William Johnson’s collection of Photographs of Western India. It was taken between 1855 and 1862 and it pictures four women whom seem to be of different ages. Th The one on the far right is also the youngest. They were positioned in a specific manner with two of them standing up and the other two sitting down. They are wearing a lot of fabric which has lot of patterns. The only one who has solid color clothing is the youngest. They are also wearing a lot of jewelry. One of them is barefoot while the others have shoes. They seem to be in front of landscape with a lot of trees. They have distinct facial expressions. I can deduce and wonder about their expressions. The one on the far left seems to be bored. The one next her seems to be angry. The next one seems to be disappointed and the last one seems to be disappointed or mad. I wonder if they have those facial expressions due to an event they witnessed or it’s just how they feel at the moment. I wonder if they are related. I might be three generations of a family. Due to the elaborate clothing, I wonder if they are from the upper class. I wonder why the youngest has a plain non-pattern outfit. In addition, I wonder if this is a portrait or what was the purpose for it. I can assume it is a portrait because the emphasis is on them while the rest of the picture is very blurry.