“Religious Exchange.” In The Cambridge History of the Mongol Empire, eds. Michal Biran and Kim Hodong. Cambridge University Press.

“Altan Khan’s 1580 Letter to the Ming.” Festschrift for Professor Coyiji on his 75th Birthday, eds. Agata Bareja-Starzynska et al. Hohhot: Inner Mongolian Academy of Social Sciences.

“Mongol Buddhism post-1368.” In The Brill Encyclopedia of Buddhism vol. 4, eds. Jonathan A. Silk et al. Leiden: Brill.

“Central Asia: II: Introduction, Buddhism.” In Grove Dictionary of Art, ed. Sonya Lee. New York: Oxford University Press.


115. Budist Uygur Edebiyati. (trans. Mustafa Agca and Dilek Uzunkaya). Ankara: Türk Dil Kuruma Yayinlari, 2020.

114. The Buddha’s Footprint: An Environmental History of Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2020.

113. “Dva buddizma v sovremennoy Mongolii.” (trans. Yana Leman) In Buddizm i natsionalizm vo vnutrenney Azii, ed., Irina Gary. Ulan Ude: Buryat-Mongol Nom Kebleliin Küriye, 2020.

112. Review of Sören Urbansky, Beyond the Steppe Frontier: A History of the Sino-Russian Border (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020) REGION: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Eurasia 9, 2 (2020)

111. “Buddhist and Muslim Interactions in Asian History.” In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Oxford University Press. Article published September 2019. Available at: doi:

110. “Preface.” In Buddhist-Muslim Relations in a Theravada World, eds. Michael Jerryson and Iselin Frydenlund, v-xi. New York: Palgrave, 2019.

109. “The Mongolian Lineage of the Jebdzundamba Khutugtu.” In The Brill Encyclopedia of Buddhism, eds. Jonathan A. Silk et al., 1191-1196. Leiden: Brill, 2019.

108. Review of Jane E. Caple, Morality and Monastic Revival in Post-Mao Tibet (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2019) Journal of Chinese Studies 69 (2019): 217-220.

107. Review of Jonathan Schlesinger, A World Trimmed with Fur: Wild Things, Pristine Places, and the Natural Fringes of the Qing Empire (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017) Mongolian Studies 34 (2017-2018): 145-147.

106. “Maitreya, Shambhala and the End of Buddhist Empire,” in Faith and Empire: The Art of Politics in Tibetan Buddhism, ed. Karl Debreczeny, 212-227. New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2019.

105. “G.J. Ramstedt’s ‘A Short History of the Uyghurs.’” In Language, Society, and Religion in the World of the Turks: Festschrift for Larry Clark at Seventy-Five, ed. Zsuzsanna Gulásci, 187-204. Turnhout: Brepols, 2018.

104. “When the Monks Met the Muslims.” Tricycle Spring (2018). Available at

103. Review of Abdurishid Yakup, Altuigurische Aparimitāyus-Literatur und kleinere tantrische Texte (Turnhout: Brepols 2016) Orientalistischen Literaturzeitung 113, 6: 507-508.

102. “The Tumu Incident and the Chinggisid Legacy in Inner Asia.” The Silk Road Journal 15 (2017): 142-152.

101. Review of Peter Jackson, The Mongols & the Islamic World: From Conquest to Conversion (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017) Journal of Asian Studies 76, 4: 1100-1102.

100. Review of Ian Johnson, The Souls of China: The Return of Religion after Mao (New York: Pantheon, 2017) Los Angeles Review of Books May 2. Available at

99. “Sagang Sechen on the Tumu Incident.” In How Mongolia Matters: War, Law, and Society, ed. Morris Rossabi, 6-18. Leiden: Brill.

98. “The Mongols, Astrology, and Eurasian History.” Medieval History Journal 19, 1 (2016): 1-6.

97. “Zünghar Khanate.” The Encyclopedia of Empire, ed. John M. MacKenzie, 2297-2302. Malden: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.

96. Review of Tatjana A. Pang, Schriftliche mandschurische Quellen zur Geschichte und Kultur des Qing-Reiches des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts (Weisbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2015) Mongolian Studies

95. Cosmopolitanism in China, 1600-1920, co-edited with Hu Minghui. Amherst: Cambria Press, 2016.

94. “The Gutenberg Fallacy and the History of Printing among the Mongols.” In Tibetan Printing: Comparisons, Continuities, and Change, eds. Hildegaard Diemberger, Franz-Karl Ehrhard, and Peter Kornicki, 21-37. Leiden: Brill, 2016.

93. Review of Christopher Kaplonski. The Lama Question: Violence, Sovereignty, and Exception in Early Socialist Mongolia(Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2014) Religious Studies Review 41, 4 (2015): 212.

92. “Buddhism and Islam.” In Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Vol. 1, ed. Richard C. Martin, 179-182. Farmington Mills: Gale, 2015.

91. “Theorizing Violence in Mongolia: A Review.” Crosscurrents: East Asian History and Culture Review (E-Journal No. 16, September 2015). Available at

90. Review of Rian Thum, The Sacred Routes of Uyghur History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014) Religious Studies Review 41, 3 (2015): 130.

89. Review of Wei-Cheng Lin, Building a Sacred Mountain: The Buddhist Architecture of China’s Mount Wutai (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2014) The American Historical Review (2015): 591-592.

88. “The Buddha’s Footprint.” Tricycle Spring (2015): 68-71, 109-110.

87. Review of Valerie Hansen, The Silk Road: A New History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012). Medieval History Journal 18,1 (2014): 166-169.

86. “(Asian Studies + Anthropocene)4” Journal of Asian Studies 73, 4 (2014): 963-974.

85. “Whatever Happened to Queen Jönggen?” In Buddhism in Mongolia, ed. Vesna Wallace, 3-22. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

84. Review of Sampildondov Chuluun and Uradyn E. Bulag, The Thirteenth Dalai Lama on the Run (1904-1906) (Leiden: Global Oriental, 2013) Religious Studies Review 40, 4 (2014): 235.

83. Review of Mandhuhai Buyandelger, Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013) Religious Studies Review 40, 4 (2014): 235.

82. Review of Silvia Tomášková, Wayward Shamans: The Prehistory of an Idea (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013) Religious Studies Review 40, 4 (2014): 235.

81. Review of Michael Knüppel, Heilkundliche, Volksreligiöse und Ritualtexte (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 2013) Orientalistischen Literaturzeitung 109, 6 (2014): 1-2.

80. Review of Caroline Humphrey and Hürelbaatar Ujeed, A Monastery in Time: The Making of Mongolian Buddhism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013). Religious Studies Review 39, 4: 291.

79. “Fuzzy Pluralism: The Case of Buddhism and Islam.” Common Knowledge 19, 3 (2013): 506-517.

78. “Altan Khan.” Dictionary of Chinese Biography, ed. Kerry Brown. Great Barrington: Berkshire Publishing.

77. Review of Erik Sidenwall, The Making of Manhood among Swedish Missionaries in China and Mongolia, c 1890 – c. 1914(Leiden: Brill, 2009). Religious Studies Review 39, 3 (2013): 198-199.

76. Review of Carl S. Yamamoto, Vision and Violence: Lama Zhang and the Politics of Charisma in Twelfth-Century Tibet (Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2012) Religious Studies Review 39, 3 (2013): 199.

75. Review of Zekine Özertural. Mahāyāna-Sūtras und Kommentartexte (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner 2012) Orientalistischen Literaturzeitung 108, 4-5 (2013): 337-338.

74. Review of Valerie Hansen. The Silk Road: Key Papers. The Pre-Islamic Period (Leiden: Global Oriental, 2012) Religious Studies Review 39, 3 (2013): 198.

73. Review of Christopher I. Beckwith. Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012) Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 76, 2 (2013): 333-335.

72. “China and the New Cosmopolitanism.” Sino-Platonic Papers 233 (2013): 1-31. Available at _cosmopolitanism.pdf

71. Review of Carmen Meinert. Buddha in the Yurt: Buddhist Art from Mongolia (Munich: Hirmer Publishers  2011). Religious Studies Review 36, 2 (2013): 162.

70. Review of Michael Knüppel and Aloïs van Tongerloo. Life and Afterlife & Apocalyptic Concepts in the Altaic World (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2011) Orientalische Literaturzeitung 107, 6 (2012): 420-421.

69. “Wutai Shan, Qing Cosmopolitanism, and the Mongols.” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 6 (2011): 243-274. Available at!jiats=/06/elverskog/b1/

68. “Ritual Theory Across the Buddhist-Muslim Divide in Late Imperial China.” In Islam and Tibet: Interactions along the Musk Routes, eds. Anna Akasoy, Charles Burnett, and Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim, 293-311. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.

67. Wutai Shan and Qing Culture, a special issue of the Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 6 (2011): 1-428. Co-edited with Gray Tuttle.

66. “알탄톱치 Altan Tobči.” Commentary Project for the Archive of Central Eurasian Civilizations, Seoul National University, 2011. Available at

65. “Buddhism and Islam.” Oxford Bibliographies Online, 2011. Available at

64. “A Buddhist Origin for Islamic Blockprinting?” The Muslim World 100, 2-3 (2010): 287-301.

63. Reprint of passages from The Jewel Translucent Sutra. In The History of Mongoliavol. II: Yuan and Late Medieval Period, eds. David Sneath and Christopher Kaplonski, 527-537. Kent: Global Oriental, 2010.

62. Reprint of “Things & the Qing: Mongol Culture in the Visual Narrative.” In The History of Mongolia, vol. III: The Qing Period, eds. David Sneath and Christopher Kaplonski, 715-749. Kent: Global Oriental, 2010.

61. Review of Abdurishid Yakup, Die Uigurischen Blockdrucke der Berliner Turfansammlung Teil 2: Apokryphen, Mahayana-Sutren, Erzählungen, Magische Texte, Kommentare und Kolophone (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008) Orientalische Literaturzeitung 105, 3 (2010): 383-386.

60. Review of Matthew T. Kapstein, ed., Buddhism Between Tibet & China (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2009) Journal of Asian Studies 69, 1 (2010): 247-249.

59. Buddhism and Islam on the Silk Road. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

  1. 58.蒙古時間進入了清的世界.” In 世界時間與東亞時間中的明清變遷, ed. Zhao Shiyu, 173-221. Beijing: Sanlian Shudian, 2009.

57. Review of David Sneath, The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008) Journal of Central Eurasian Studies 1 (2009): 117-121.

56. Editor, Mongolian Studies: The Journal of the Mongolia Society, vol. 30-31, 2008-2009.

55. Review of Michael K. Jerryson, Mongolian Buddhism: The Rise and Fall of the Samgha (Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books, 2007) Mongolian Studies 31 (2009): 115-119.

54. “The Mongolian Big Dipper Sutra.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 29, 1 (2008): 87-124.

53. “Injannashi, the anti-Cervantes” In Biographies of Eminent Mongol Buddhists, ed. Johan Elverskog, 81-104. Sankt Augustin: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, 2008.

52. “Introduction.” In Biographies of Eminent Mongol Buddhists, ed. Johan Elverskog, 5-10. Sankt Augustin: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, 2008.

51. Review of Vladimir Uspensky. “Explanation of the Knowable” by ‘Phags-pa bla-ma Blo-gros rgyal-mtshan (1235-1280): Facsimile of the Mongolian Translation with Transliteration and Notes (Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, 2006) Mongolian Studies 30 (2008): 158-160.

50. Biographies of Eminent Mongol Buddhists. Sankt Augustin: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies, 2008.

49. Review of Michael Kohn. Lama of the Gobi: The Life and Times of Danzan Rabjaa Mongolia’s Greatest Mystical Poet (Ulaanbaatar: Maitri Books, 2006) Mongolian Studies 30, (2008): 124-127.

48. The Pearl Rosary: Mongol Historiography in Early 19th Century Ordos. Bloomington: The Mongolia Society, 2007.

47. “Thomas Pynchon and Shambhala.” Mongolian Studies 29 (2007): 67-78.

46. “The Story of Zhu and the Mongols of the Seventeenth Century.” In Long Live the Emperor: Uses of the Ming Founder Across Six Centuries of East Asian History, ed. Sarah Schneewind, 211-243. Minneapolis: Society for Ming Studies, 2007.

45. “An Early Seventeenth Century Tibeto-Mongolian Ceremonial Staff.” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 3, 1 (2007): 56-75.

44. “Tibetocentrism, Religious Conversion and the Study of Mongolian Buddhism.” In The Mongolia-Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia, eds. Hildegaard Diemberger and Uradyn Bulag, 59-81. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2007.

43. Review of Michal Biran. The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005) Journal of Asian Studies 66, 1 (2007): 236-238.

42. Editor, Mongolian Studies: The Journal of the Mongolia Society, vol. 29, 2007.

41. Our Great Qing: The Mongols, Buddhism and the State in Late Imperial China. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2006.

40. “Two Buddhisms in Contemporary Mongolia.” Contemporary Buddhism 7, 1 (2006): 29-46.

39. “The Legend of Muna Mountain.” Inner Asia 8, 1 (2006): 99-122.

38. Editor, Mongolian Studies: The Journal of the Mongolia Society, vol. 28, 2006.

37. Review of Eugene Y. Yang. Shaping the Lotus Sutra: Buddhist Visual Culture in Medieval China (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2005) Journal of Asian History 40, 2 (2006): 207-208.

36. Review of Patrick Taveirne. Han-Mongol Encounters and Missionary Endeavors: A History of Scheut in Ordos (Hetao), 1874-1911 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2004) and Ann Heylen. Chronique du Toumet-Ordos: Looking through the Lens of Joseph van Oost, Missionary in Inner Mongolia (1915-1921) (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2004) Journal of Asian Studies 64, 4 (2006): 820-823.

35. Review of Sarah Elizabeth Fraser. Performing the Visual: The Practice of Buddhist Wall Painting in China and Central Asia, 618-960 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003) The Journal of Asian History 40, 1 (2006): 116-117.

34. Review of Lilla Russell-Smith. Uygur Patronage in Dunhuang: Regional Art Centres on the Northern Silk Road in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries (Leiden: Brill, 2005) Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 69, 3 (2006): 486-488.

33. “Mongolian Time Enters a Qing World.” In Temporalities of the Ming-Qing Transition, ed. Lynn Struve, 142-178. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2005.

32. “Sagang Sechen on the Qing Conquest.” In The Black Master: Essays on Central Eurasia in Honor of Professor György Kara on his 70th Birthday, eds. Stéphane Grivelet, Ruth Meserve, Àgnes Birtalan, Giovanni Stary, 43-56. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005.

31. Review of Giovanni Verardi and Silvio Vita, eds. Buddhist Asia 1 (Kyoto: Italian School of East Asian Studies, 2004) The Journal of Asian History 39 (2005): 181-182.

30. Review of Uradyn E. Bulag. The Mongols at China’s Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 25, 3 (2005): 687-688.

29. Review of Nicola Di Cosmo and Dalizhabu Bao. Manchu-Mongol Relations on the Eve of the Qing Conquest: A Documentary History (Leiden: Brill, 2003) Mongolian Studies 27 (2005): 76-78.

28. Review of Paula Sabloff. Modern Mongolia: Reclaiming Genghis Khan (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2001) Mongolian Studies 27 (2005): 105-107.

27. Review of Axel Odelberg. Hertig Larson: Äventyrare, Missionär, Upptäckare (Stockholm:Wahlström & Widstrand, 2003) Mongolian Studies 27 (2005): 97-99.

26. Review of Karénina Kollmar-Paulenz. Erdeni tunumal neretü sudur: Die Biographe des Altan qagan der Tümed-Mongolen (Weisbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001) Mongolian Studies 27 (2005): 80-83.

25. Review of Shagdaryn Bira. (tr. J.R. Krueger) Mongolian Historical Writing from 1200 to 1700 (Bellingham: Center for East Asian Studies, WWU, 2002) The Journal of Asian Studies 64, 3 (2005): 464-466.

24. “The Story of Zhu and the Mongols of the 17th century.” Ming Studies 50 (2004): 39-76.

23. “Things & the Qing: Mongol Culture in the Visual Narrative.” Inner Asia 6 (2004): 137-178.

22. The Jewel Translucent Sutra: Altan Khan and the Mongols in the Sixteenth Century. Leiden, Boston: Brill Publishers, 2003.

21. “Islam and Buddhism.” Encyclopedia of Buddhism. ed. Robert Buswell, 380-382. New York: Macmillan Reference, 2003.

20. Review of Elisabetta Chiodo. The Mongolian Manuscripts on Birch Bark from Xarbuxyn Balgas in the Collection of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2000) The Journal of Asian Studies 61, 2 (2002): 719-720.

19. “Religion, Economics and the Nation in Mongolia.” Analysis of Current Events 13, 4 (2001): 12-15.

18. Review of George Crane. The Bones of the Master: A Buddhist Monk’s Search for the Lost Heart of China (New York: Bantam, 2000) Mongolian Studies 24 (2001): 97-98.

17. “Buddhism, History & Power: The Erdeni Tunumal Sudur and the Formation of Mongolian Identity.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 2000.

16. Review of L. Qurcabagatur Solonggod. Zum Činggis-Qagan-Kult. (Senri Ethnological Reports 11. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 1999) Mongolian Studies 23 (2000): 164-166.

15. “Superscribing the Hegemonic Image of Chinggis Khan in the Erdeni Tunumal Sudur.” In Re-Entering the Silk Routes: Current Scandinavian Research on Central Asia, eds. Birgit N. Schylter and Mirja Juntunen, 63-74. London: Kegan Paul International, 1999.

14. Review of György Kara and J. Tsoloo. The History of a Jakhachin Buddhist Monastery: Dharmabhadra’s “Golden Rosary.”(Debter-Deb-ther-Debtelin: Materials for Central Asiatic and Altaic Studies, no. 12. Budapest: MTA Altajisztikai Kutatócsoport, 1997) Mongolian Studies 22 (1999): 122-123.

13. Uygur Buddhist Literature. Turnhout: Brepols, 1997.

12. “U.S. Sends Special Forces to Mongolia.” Mongolia Survey 3, 1 (1997): 53.

11. Review of Igor de Rachewiltz. The Mongolian Tanjur Version of the Bodhicaryavatara (Asiatische Forschungen 129. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1996) in Mongolian Studies XX (1997): 168-169.

10. Johan Elverskog and Aleksandr, eds. Annual Central Eurasian Studies Conference, eds. Naymark. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1997.

9. “Some Notes on the Khotanese Vajracchedikā Prajñāparamitā Sūtra.” In Annual Central Eurasian Studies Conference, eds. Johan Elverskog and Aleksandr Naymark, 33-34. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1996.

8. “Mahayana Buddhism and Political Legitimation in the Kingdom of Khotan.” In Annual Central Eurasian Studies Conference, eds. Johan Elverskog and Aleksandr Naymark, 4-5. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1996.

6. Assistant Editor, Mongolia Survey, vol. 2, 1995.

5. “A Critical Edition of the Tibetan Diamond Sutra with a Study of Buddhist Terminology in Four Mongolian Translations”. Unpublished MA Thesis, Indiana University, 1995.

4. Assistant Editor, Mongolia Survey, vol. 1, 1995.

3. Assistant Editor, The Mongolia Society Newsletter, vol. 16, 1994.

2. Editor, The Inner Asia Report, vol. 14, 1995.

1. Editor, The Inner Asia Report, vol. 13, 1994.