Publication Ethics Statement



The International Lawyer is a peer-reviewed journal that subjects its articles to an intensive, confidential editorial process executed by objective, impartial legal experts on a continuing basis. Authors of selected articles must provide significant research on their topics. Authors are required to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes, and must provide a list of references and disclose any financial support they receive. The International Lawyer has the exclusive rights of first-publication. Also, The International Lawyer encourages republication with the correct attribution.

The International Lawyer seeks to maintain the highest standards of academic integrity. The editorial process involves taking reasonable steps to identify academic misconduct to ensure the integrity of the Journal. If misconduct is discovered, The International Lawyer has guidelines for correction and retraction, as well as a procedure for alerting authors of alleged plagiarism or other related questionable behavior.

The International Lawyer publishes three Issues on an annual basis. Each Issue is available by subscription and archived on numerous legal and scholarly databases. Further inquiries regarding The International Lawyer may be directed to its student editorial board at or

Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement complies with those required by SCOPUS in its most recent pronouncement.

Ownership and Management

The International Lawyer is a triannual publication of the American Bar Association’s Section of International Law in cooperation with SMU Dedman School of Law. It has a worldwide circulation. 

Duties of Editors

Publication Decisions

The Editor-in-Chief of the Board of Professional Editors (the “Editor-in-Chief”) is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the Journal will receive offers for publication. The Editor-in-Chief normally confers with other editors or reviewers in making these decisions.  Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the Journal itself.

The Editor-in-Chief, other editors, and reviewers, will evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit, without regard to the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the Journal’s scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism also are considered.


The Editor-in-Chief and any editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

The peer-reviewing process assists the Editor-in-Chief and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.


Any editor assigned to review and assist in the editorial process that feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the Editor-in-Chief of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Duties of the Author(s)

Reporting Standards

Authors of original research manuscripts should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Manuscript Processing

The only fee required for manuscript processing is through Scholastica ($6.50 per manuscript) or Expresso ($3.10 per manuscript). There are no monthly costs or installment fees through those websites. An author may also submit their manuscript for free by emailing the student Editor-in-chief at

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, Plagiarism, and Acknowledgement of Sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or works of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.  Plagiarism takes many forms, from “passing off” another’s paper as the author’s own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) should not be used or reported without appropriate, written permission from the source.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Submission/Publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal.  Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. The Journal has the exclusive right to first publication, but we encourage republication with the correct attribution. It is permissible under the condition that a disclosure is set forth stating “Reprinted with Permission by The International Lawyer of the American Bar Association” and must state the title, volume, and page number of the article’s publication in The International Lawyer.

 Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the manuscript.  All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all coauthors have approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing whether any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest exist that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers’ bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, as well as non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships or affiliations.  All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the Journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in the form of an erratum. If the editors or publisher learn that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, we will notify the author and then it is the author’s obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the Journal editors of the correctness of the paper.