Assessment Instruments for Research or Clinical Use

Brief Collectivism Questionnaire (BCQ)

The BCQ is a 21-item short self-report survey questionnaire that measures behaviors, thoughts, and feelings associated with collectivism. This measure has been developed and validated in multiple samples of Asian national and Asian American young adults. Previous findings have supported a bifactor structure, and the scale can generate an overall collectivism score, as well as subscale scores tapping into prosocial motivations, maintaining harmony, and face concerns. The BCQ is available in English and has been translated into mandarin Chinese. Details about the BCQ can be found HERE:

Lui, P. P., & Rollock, D. (2018). Greater than the sum of its parts: Development of a measure of collectivism among Asians. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24, 242-259. Doi: 10.1037/cdp0000163

Well-Being Scale (WeBS)

The WeBS is a 29-item scale that assesses subjective well-being in terms of general well-being, as well as financial well-being, physical well-being, social well-being, eudaimonic well-being, and hedonic well-being. The scale has been developed and validated in ethnically diverse samples of young adults. The WeBS has been translated from English to mandarin and Cantonese Chinese. Details about the WeBS also can be found HERE:

Lui, P. P., & Fernando, G. (2017). Development and initial validation of a multidimensional scale assessing subjective well-being: The Well-Being Scale (WeBS). Psychological Reports, 121, 135-160. Doi: 10.1177/0033294117720696

For use with Asian American samples, a modified, 23-item WeBS has been supported:

Lui, P. P., Rollock, D., Chang, E. C., Leong, F. T. L., & Zamboanga, B. L. (2016). Big 5 personality and subjective well-being in Asian Americans: Testing optimism and pessimism as mediators. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7, 274-286. Doi:10.1037/aap0000054

Perception of Parent-Offspring Acculturation Mismatch Scale 

The PPAM is a 23-item scale developed to measure self-reported discrepancies in the parent-offspring’s acculturation statuses. Domains of acculturation cover behavioral practices, values and attitudes, and identities. Preliminary data have shown that the PPAM has adequate 2- and 6-month test-retest reliability and internal consistency reliability, as well as structural validity, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. Information about the PPAM can be found in the manuscript and online supplementary materials. Details about the PPAM also can be found HERE:

Lui, P. P. (2019). Rethinking the acculturation gap-distress theory among Asian American emerging adults: Testing the bidirectional indirect effects. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 89, 627-639. doi:10.1037/ort0000322

Chinese-version Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (C-EPSI)

The C-EPSI is a Chinese translated version of the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory. The C-EPSI is available in both mandarin Chinese and Cantonese, and written in both simplified and traditional Chinese characters. Interested researchers and practitioners who wish to adopt the C-EPSI and/or the EPSI should contact Dr. Kelsie Forbush at the University of Kansas.The C-EPSI has been validated in samples of Chinese nationals. Details about the C-EPSI can be found here:

Tang, X., Forbush, K. T., & Lui, P. P. (2015). Development and Validation of the Chinese-Language Version of the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48, 1016-1023. Doi: 10.1002/eat.22423


Skip to toolbar